Soviet VIA – vocal and instrumental ensembles – have become our response to Western rock bands. Of course, there were also groups, but they lived mainly in the underground, from which they left only in the 80s, played quite western music, creating the prerequisites for the appearance of such a thing as “Russian rock”. But VIA was thoroughly official, worked at some philharmonic society or concert organization, songs for them were composed by members of creative unions; in the end, often the members of these ensembles were musicians who graduated from music schools, with excellent professional training. VIA also had high-level equipment – in contrast to amateur groups that assembled the instrument for bows, it was financially advantageous to play them.
Test: Whose line is Soviet VIA or Russian rapper?
Depressed, perhaps, only the repertoire. Despite the sonorous names of the authors of the compositions, he was fresh and refined, and could not stand comparisons with the compositions of Western groups. In the West they experimented with might and main – mercibite changed to art rock and glam, then everyone heard a disco, punk music gained strength and hip-hop was born. On the Soviet stage, by and large, nothing has changed. Of course, new faces came, new performers appeared – but if they wanted to get on TV (on “Blue Light” or “Song of the Year”) or go to Polish Sopot, they had to perform ideologically useful songs. Or, at least, ideologically not harmful. In the 80s, almost all VIA had to change tactics (and repertoire), but this did not help. After the collapse of the USSR, they almost disappeared from sight, but already in the XXI century these relics of the Soviet era were very in demand due to nostalgia that suddenly appeared in the audience. Nowadays, the surviving groups are actively touring and participating in various national festivals such as “Disco 80s”. And AiF.ru talks about the brightest teams of that magical era.
Songwriter is the highest rank. Vladimir Mulyavin popularized Belarusian folklore
Formed in the late 60s at the Minsk Philharmonic. At first, they played patriotic and folk songs with Belarusian characteristics (“Birch Juice”, “Belovezhskaya Pushcha”, “Mowed Yas Konyushin”), immediately began to take prizes at all-Union competitions, their songs began to sound in films and even in cartoons. The “Pesnyary” released giant records at the Melody company and gathered huge halls, toured abroad – and not only in Sopot, but also throughout the USA, and received prestigious titles and prizes. Well, in the 70s they banged the all-union hit “Vologda”, which forever became the hallmark of Belarusian musicians. The ensemble – with an inevitable change in composition – lasted until the end of the 20th century. In 2003, the founder of VIA Vladimir Mulyavin died, and after that various bands began to appear, who disguised themselves as Pesnyarov and performed their songs; formal successors, however, are still two.
Also the brainchild of the Minsk Philharmonic, originally – the female version of "Songs". But the result was a mixed team, whose leaders were Alexander Tihanovich and Jadwiga Poplavskaya. They became famous almost immediately, in the mid-70s, but fame overtook them in 1979, after the song “Robin” (“Robins heard a voice”). After a high-profile drug scandal (Tihanovich was even arrested), the ensemble broke up in 1986. "Veras" continued to work in a different composition, and Tikhanovich and Poplavskaya organized their team.
One of the closest to the concept of a rock band vocal and instrumental ensemble. However, the "Earthlings" were originally rockers, but the all-Union fame received a completely different composition of musicians, the former group had nothing to do except the name, which had no. A new line-up appeared in the late 70s, the organizer was producer Vladimir Kiselev, and Sergey Skachkov’s vocals and “rock entourage” became the brand’s trademark – special effects and pyrotechnics were actively used at concerts, which was new for the then USSR. At the same time, "Earthlings" played quite safe pop rock on neutral topics – like "Karate" or "Stuntmen". However, the only real hit of the group was the song "Grass at Home", whose popularity far outgrew the "Earthlings". The ensemble would have been lost in the maelstrom of a new era, but fashion came to the 80s, and at some point the group began to clone – which, however, ended with copyright lawsuits.
The project of Pavel Slobodkin is notable primarily for the fact that it was one of the first VIA of the Soviet Union. In addition, a huge number of future stars passed through this team. Alexander Gradsky (not for long, though) and Alla Pugacheva, Alexander Barykin, Alexander Buinov, Vyacheslav Malezhik and Alexey Glyzin sang in the ensemble. Moreover, the “Jolly Fellows” took off to the top of their fame, already in the late 60s, and in the 70s and 80s they only maintained this status by regularly releasing hits. The ensemble’s repertoire included the songs “How wonderful this world is”, “Grannies-old ladies”, in the 87th the hit “Don't worry, aunt” was released. But the main soloists left the “Guys” in the late 80s, and for many years Slobodkin (he died in 2017) restored the team. Now the ensemble is actively involved in various nostalgic events and goes on tour.
The ensemble was created in 1971 by Yuri Malikov (father of singer Dima Malikov), who spent almost all of his fees on musical equipment for an eight-month tour in Japan. At the same time, Malikov was guided by Tom Jones and selected the soloists according to the degree of similarity to this singer. The actual collapse of "Gems" in 1975 led to the appearance of another VIA – "Flowers", but the staff of Malikov did not disappear, he recruited new musicians. However, the composition often changed, and at one of the late concerts on the stage about thirty people gathered – they all played in the ensemble in different years. Elena and Vladimir Presnyakov, Sergey Belikov, Alexander Barykin, Alexey Glyzin, Vladimir Kuzmin passed through it. At one time with the "Gems" performed and comedian Vladimir Vinokur. The repertoire was mostly lyrical – but the songs “Where the maple is noisy”, “Yellow leaves are spinning around the city”, “People meet”, “My address is the Soviet Union” sounded almost everywhere. Formally, VIA Malikov said goodbye in 1992, but after a few years he assembled the old team again, giving Gems a second life.
. (tagsToTranslate) Soviet VIA (t) Songs (t) VIA Verasy (t) history of the USSR (t) group of Earthlings (t) Funny guys (t) VIA Gems