They can be read thanks to the infrared analysis of the parchment.
The scrolls contain fragments from Deuteronomy, Leviticus from the Pentateuch (they are also included in the Christian Old Testament) and the Jubilee Book, written at the same time as the Old Testament, but not included in the Christian canon, reports LiveScience. These scrolls were found in the Qumran caves as early as 70 years ago, but because of poor condition were investigated only now. At first glance, they seemed empty, and only in infrared radiation were able to read the texts.
The most interesting fragments contain instructions for holding temple rituals (scientists call it a temple scroll) and the beginning of the 147th psalm, which is written differently than the modern versions. The belonging of one more fragment has not yet been determined, because it was written in the Paleo-Hebrew alphabet, which was out of use in the V century BC. e. Earlier in January this year, scientists were able to decipher other materials from the Dead Sea Scrolls – the calendar of the Jewish sect of the Essenes.