RUSSIAN ARTISTS. Arkhipov Abram Efimovich (1862-1930)
Artist Arkhipov A.E.
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov was born in the Ryazan region on August 15, 1862. From the very childhood, he began to show interest in painting. The first lessons the boy received from local and visiting icon painters. Systematic art education Arkhipov received in the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. Here he studied from 1877 to 1883 and from 1886 to 1888. Teachers at Arkhipov were V.E. Makovsky, A.K. Savrasov, I.M. Pryanishnikov, V.D. Polenov, V.G. Perov. Also the artist for a while (1884-1886) studied in the workshop of BP. Willewalde at the Academy of Fine Arts of St. Petersburg.
“Keleinik” in 1891 Oil on canvas. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
The Keleenik in 1891
The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
“In the workshop of masks” Oil on canvas. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
“In the workshop of masks”
The State Russian Museum,
An important role in the formation of Arkhipov as an artist was played by V.D. Polenov and V.G. Perov. Perov taught the beginning artist not to be afraid to portray the truth in all its manifestations. Polenov also gave Arkhipov his ability to cheerfully, lightly portray life.
“Ptitselov” Oil on canvas. Brodsky. The branch of H-i. Museum of the Academy of Arts of the USSR
Museum-apartment II. Brodsky. The branch of H-i. Museum of the Academy of Arts of the USSR
During the training, Arkhipov was not content with only academic studies, he paid much attention to independent work. Every year in the summer, the artist wrote sketches in his native Ryazan province. These works captured various scenes from the life of the peasants. Such early works include “In the shop of the junkman”, “Drunkard”, “Vodopoy”.
The real success was the picture “Visiting the sick.” For this canvas, Arkhipov was awarded the title of a class artist and a great silver medal.
“Visiting the sick” Canvas, oil. 1885.State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
“Visiting a sick person” 1885
The State Tretyakov Gallery,
With the Association of Mobile Art Exhibitions of the Arkhipov begins to cooperate in 1891. One of the problems of plein air painting – the problem of conveying the mood of a person through the landscape – the artist masterfully solves in the film “On the Volga”.
“On the Volga” in 1889 Oil on canvas. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia
“On the Volga”
Oil on canvas 36 x 58
State Russian Museum
Subsequently, the landscape and human emotions will constantly echo in such works of the artist as “Radonitsa”, “Ice passed”, “On the river”, “Farewell to the procession”.
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov: Radonitsa (Before the Mass). 1892. Oil on canvas. Canvas, oil. 58×114 cm
“Radonica (Before the Mass)”
Oil on canvas 58 х 114
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov: The ice has passed. 1895, canvas, oil, 70×136 cm
“The ice passed”
Oil on canvas 70 х 136
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov: On the Oka River. 1889, canvas, oil, 41х77 cm
“By the Oka River”
Oil on canvas 41 х 77
The cycle of paintings of the peasant genre was completed by the painting “Reverse”.
Arkhipov, Abram Efimovich – The Return Journey, 1896
“Reverse” in 1896 Oil on canvas.
Subsequently, the artist writes mostly in the social genre. Active action and acute situations are alien to Arkhipov’s canvases. The main meaning is the image of the situation. An expression of the main features of the creative style of Arkhipov was the picture of the “Washerwoman”, written in two versions.
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov: Arkhipov Abram Laundressses Sun
the end of the 1890s,
State Russian Museum
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov: Washerwomen
Oil on canvas 91 x 70
The State Tretyakov Gallery
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov began work on the picture in the late 1890s, continuing the theme of female labor that was emerging in his work. In kind for him served as laundry workers near the Smolensk market in Moscow, but they posed in the corner of the artist’s studio, “close to the coverage of what he saw in the basement.”
So there was the first version of the picture of the late 1890s, belonging to the timing (the second version was created in 1901, the State Tretyakov Gallery). It is written with great skill, in a broad and picturesque manner and well conveys a dark and moisture-saturated laundry room in which they work until the woman’s strength is completely exhausted. The theme of exhausting labor is expressed mainly in the figure of an elderly woman at the laundry trough depicted in the foreground. A group of washerwomen in the depth of the picture, at the window, forms an independent whole (even composing itself in a circle). The artist perfectly passes their tired, but still fast movements, emphasizing the dynamics of this whole group with spectacular reflexes of light on wet figures from water.
In the picture, the social motif is intertwined with picturesque searches. The plot itself gave an occasion for the implementation of a new artistic manner, in which there appears a desire for a generalized form, for liberation from detailing in the depiction of objects and figures, for free and broad writing
Since 1894, Arkhipov teaches in the field class of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In 1904 he took part in the formation of the Union of Russian Artists. In the 1900s a series of northern landscapes appeared, striking with skill images of huts, forests, and the sea. The main feature of the paintings of this cycle is an unusually rich color.
“Northern Village” Oil on canvas. The State Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow, Russia
Northern village »Oil on canvas.
The State Tretyakov Gallery,
Oil on canvas 71 х 90
Tula Museum of Fine Arts
“Footbridge” Oil on canvas. Museum-apartment II. Brodsky. The branch of H-i. Museum of the Academy of Arts of the USSR
“Footbridge” Oil on canvas.
Museum-apartment II. Brodsky.
Branch H-i. Museum of the Academy of Arts of the USSR
Arkhipov Abram Northern village Sun
Northern village. The sun
At the same time, a number of portraits of peasant women also appear, also remarkable for their colorful color.
“The Woman in Red” Oil on canvas.
“Woman in red”
“The Woman in the Pink” Oil on canvas.
“Peasant woman in pink”
Oil on canvas 89 х 68
Samara Regional Art Museum
Abram Efimovich Arkhipov: Arkhipov Abram Young girl Sun
“Peasant women on the Volga bank” Canvas, oil.
Peasant women on the bank of the Volga
“After the rain” Canvas, oil. Rostov Regional Museum of Fine Arts, Rostov, Russia
“After the rain”
Rostov Regional Museum of Fine Arts,
“Winter” Oil on canvas.
Arkhipov died on September 25, 1930 in Moscow.
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