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Russia will see the opposition of Mars and the total lunar eclipse

Russia will see the opposition of Mars and the total lunar eclipse

A unique astronomical phenomenon – the longest total eclipse of the Moon in the 21st century, coinciding with the Great confrontation of Mars with the Sun, will occur on July 27, and it will be observed practically throughout the whole territory of Russia.

Mars will approach the Earth at a minimum distance, will become brighter than Jupiter, and will yield only to the Sun, Moon and Venus in brilliance. In the sky, it will be a bright orange color. The next great confrontation of Mars will happen only on September 15, 2035.

The total lunar eclipse will be 3 hours 56 minutes (from 21:24 Moscow time to 01:20 Moscow time), and the full phase will last 1 hour 43 minutes (from 22:30 Moscow time to 00:13 Moscow time).

“The phenomenon will be clearly visible practically throughout the whole territory of Russia. During the full phase, the moon will fully enter the shadow of the Earth and will acquire a purple-red tint, “note the astronomers of the Moscow Planetarium.

Russia will see the opposition of Mars and the total lunar eclipse

A unique astronomical phenomenon – the longest total eclipse of the Moon in the 21st century, coinciding with the Great confrontation of Mars with the Sun, will occur on July 27, and it will be observed practically throughout the whole territory of Russia.

Mars will approach the Earth at a minimum distance, will become brighter than Jupiter, and will yield only to the Sun, Moon and Venus in brilliance. In the sky, it will be a bright orange color. The next great confrontation of Mars will happen only on September 15, 2035.

The total lunar eclipse will be 3 hours 56 minutes (from 21:24 Moscow time to 01:20 Moscow time), and the full phase will last 1 hour 43 minutes (from 22:30 Moscow time to 00:13 Moscow time).

“The phenomenon will be clearly visible practically throughout the whole territory of Russia. During the full phase, the moon will fully enter the shadow of the Earth and will acquire a purple-red tint, “note the astronomers of the Moscow Planetarium.

As expected, the moon will pass through the center of the earth’s shadow. This will be the first central lunar eclipse since June 15, 2011. It occurs near the apogee, when the disk of the Moon is minimal, so the eclipse will be the longest in the 21st century. By a rare coincidence, Mars on the day of the eclipse passes the point of great confrontation with the Sun. Both luminaries during the eclipse will be located not far from each other on the southeasterly horizon.

In the 21st century, 225 lunar eclipses will take place, 85 of which are complete, and of these full – only six more than three and a half hours.

Where to watch in Russia

The total lunar eclipse on July 27 is one of the most interesting and favorable for observations in the European part of Russia in a few years. Despite a short summer night, the phenomenon will be seen from start to finish, and only in the northwestern regions will the moon rise above the horizon in the initial phases of the eclipse. The full phase will be clearly visible in Western Siberia, and its beginning – to Lake Baikal.

In Russia it is best to observe this eclipse in the North Caucasus, the Caspian lowland and the Southern Urals. There the largest phase of the eclipse will occur near the local midnight and will be visible at an altitude of more than 20 degrees above the horizon. In the central regions of Russia, the Moon will be visible at a lower altitude, the astronomers of the Moscow Planetarium specify.

The initial partial phases of the eclipse can be observed in the morning of July 28, even in the Far East of Russia. The eclipse will not be visible only in the northern part of Siberia.

Visibility in Moscow

In Moscow, the full moon will rise above the southeastern horizon after 21:00 Moscow time, having already begun to sink into the penumbra of the Earth. After an hour, at 22:00 Moscow time, in the same place, after it appears bright red Mars. At the time of the maximum phase of the eclipse, at 23:30 Moscow time, the Moon will be 14 degrees above the horizon, and Mars will be visible 6-7 degrees below the Moon at the southern horizon. Both luminaries will be located in the constellation of Capricorn, have a red color and, probably, similar brightness, representing a rare sight.

The heavenly spectacle will be visible to the naked eye, but through the binoculars and the telescope it will be possible to distinguish the surface elements of both luminaries. The most important condition is clear, cloudless weather.

How the eclipse will take place

At 20:15 Moscow time, the moon will touch the earth’s penumbra – at this time a half-shadow eclipse will begin. It is hardly discernible to the naked eye, especially with small phases, but as we approach the edge of the earth’s shadow, the darkening will become more noticeable. At 21:24 Moscow time, the moon will completely plunge into the earth’s penumbra and touch the earth’s shadow – the beginning of a partial eclipse; at this time the darkening of the eastern lunar limb will already be clearly visible. The moon will begin to plunge into the shadow of the Earth.

At 22:30 Moscow time, the moon will completely plunge into the earth’s shadow – at this time a total eclipse will begin. Depending on the state of the atmosphere and some other factors, the darkening of the lunar disk during a total eclipse may be different from other total lunar eclipses. It can be very dark when the Moon is almost invisible in the night sky, and can be bright when the Moon is clearly visible even in the full phase.

At 23:22 Moscow time, the maximum phase of a total eclipse occurs – a third of the Moon’s disk will be below the center of the Earth’s shadow; at this moment the darkening (reddening) of our companion is maximized. The moon will be in the earth’s shadow for more than an hour (103 minutes). At 00:13 Moscow time the moon begins to emerge from the shadow – the end of the total eclipse and the beginning of its particular phases. Gradually becoming more vivid, the eclipsed lunar disk will take phases similar to the phases of the moon for a month, but only they will change much faster.

At 01:19 Moscow time, the moon completely exits from the terrestrial shadow – the end of the partial phases and the beginning of the half-shadow eclipse. At 02:29 Moscow time the moon completely leaves the earth’s penumbra. End of the eclipse. The night star will again shine in full force.

Where else can you see

The eclipse on July 27 will be fully visible in East Africa and Central and South Asia, as well as Antarctica. In South America, West Africa and Europe, the eclipse will begin at the rising of the Moon, in East Asia and Australia – on the contrary, upon entering. In North America, eclipses will not be visible at all.

In the event of a complete eclipse, the moon acquires a reddish or brownish tinge. The color of the eclipse depends on the state of the upper layers of the earth’s atmosphere.

The total lunar eclipse on July 6, 1982 was a reddish hue, January 20-21, 2000 – a brown shade.

Such colors the Moon acquires during eclipses due to the fact that the earth’s atmosphere more diffuses red rays, so one can never observe a blue or green lunar eclipse.

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