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9 blood indicators that tell you about your health

We take the blood test for almost any disease. And a competent doctor will certainly send you first thing “for blood”.

9 blood indicators that tell you about your health

For a common analysis, the blood is taken either from the vein or from the finger. And the primary analysis can not be given on an empty stomach. But for deployed it is impossible in any case! Remember this!

The reason for this requirement is simple: any food will change your blood sugar, and the analysis will not be objective. It is best to give blood after a short rest (which is why we often go for analysis in the morning). Again for the purity of the study.

A competent doctor will necessarily take into account your gender and physiological condition. Because, for example, in women during PMS, ESR increases and the number of platelets decreases.

Indicators of general analysis

1. Hemoglobin (Hb)

It is the pigment of blood contained in red blood cells, the main function of which is to transport oxygen from the lungs to tissues and remove CO2 from the body. Normal values ​​for men are 130-160 g / l, for women – 120-140 g / l. If hemoglobin is lowered, it indicates a possible anemia, blood loss or hidden internal bleeding when internal organs are affected. The increase in hemoglobin, as a rule, is observed in blood diseases and certain types of heart failure.

2. Erythrocytes

These are directly red blood cells that contain hemoglobin. Normal values ​​for men – (4.0-5.1) * 10 in the 12th degree / l and in women – (3.7-4.7) * 10 in the 12th degree / liter. The surplus of erythrocytes occurs in healthy people at high altitude in the mountains, as well as in heart defects, bronchial, lung, kidney and liver diseases. Sometimes this indicates an overabundance of steroid hormones in the body. Lack of red blood cells indicates anemia, acute blood loss, chronic inflammatory processes. And sometimes it happens in late pregnancy.

3. Leukocytes

White blood cells. They are produced in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and protect the body from external influences. The norm for all – (4.0-9.0) x 10 in the 9th degree / liter. Excess speaks about presence of an infection and an inflammation. A large number of them can happen in different situations, sometimes not related to disease. They can jump from physical stress, stress or pregnancy. But it happens that leukocytosis is associated with diseases, namely:

We take the blood test for almost any disease. And a competent doctor will certainly send you first thing “for blood”.

9 blood indicators that tell you about your health

For a common analysis, the blood is taken either from the vein or from the finger. And the primary analysis can not be given on an empty stomach. But for deployed it is impossible in any case! Remember this!

The reason for this requirement is simple: any food will change your blood sugar, and the analysis will not be objective. It is best to give blood after a short rest (which is why we often go for analysis in the morning). Again for the purity of the study.

A competent doctor will necessarily take into account your gender and physiological condition. Because, for example, in women during PMS, ESR increases and the number of platelets decreases.

Indicators of general analysis

1. Hemoglobin (Hb)

It is the pigment of blood contained in red blood cells, the main function of which is to transport oxygen from the lungs to tissues and remove CO2 from the body. Normal values ​​for men are 130-160 g / l, for women – 120-140 g / l. If hemoglobin is lowered, it indicates a possible anemia, blood loss or hidden internal bleeding when internal organs are affected. The increase in hemoglobin, as a rule, is observed in blood diseases and certain types of heart failure.

2. Erythrocytes

These are directly red blood cells that contain hemoglobin. Normal values ​​for men – (4.0-5.1) * 10 in the 12th degree / l and in women – (3.7-4.7) * 10 in the 12th degree / liter. The surplus of erythrocytes occurs in healthy people at high altitude in the mountains, as well as in heart defects, bronchial, lung, kidney and liver diseases. Sometimes this indicates an overabundance of steroid hormones in the body. Lack of red blood cells indicates anemia, acute blood loss, chronic inflammatory processes. And sometimes it happens in late pregnancy.

3. Leukocytes

White blood cells. They are produced in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and protect the body from external influences. The norm for all – (4.0-9.0) x 10 in the 9th degree / liter. Excess speaks about presence of an infection and an inflammation. A large number of them can happen in different situations, sometimes not related to disease. They can jump from physical stress, stress or pregnancy. But it happens that leukocytosis is associated with diseases, namely:

bacterial infections

inflammatory processes

allergic reactions

leukemia

taking hormonal drugs, some cardiac drugs (such as digoxin).

But leukopenia (lack of leukocytes) can talk about a viral infection (for example, with the flu) or taking some medications, for example, analgesics, anticonvulsants.

4. Platelets

Cells that provide blood clotting, participate in the formation of blood clots. The normal amount is (180-320) * 10 in the 9th degree / liter. If they are more than normal, then, perhaps, you have tuberculosis, ulcerative colitis, cirrhosis. This is also after surgery or with the use of hormonal drugs. Reduced their content happens with the action of alcohol, poisoning with heavy metals, blood diseases, kidney failure, liver disease, spleen, hormonal disorders. And also with the action of certain drugs: antibiotics, diuretics, digoxin, nitroglycerin, hormones.

5. ESR or ROE

Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. This is the index of the course of the disease. Usually, ESR increases by 2-4 days of the disease, and the peak reaches during the recovery period. The norm for men – 2-10 mm / h, for women – 2-15 mm / h. Elevated indicators are in infections, inflammation, anemia, kidney disease, hormonal disorders, shock after injuries and surgeries, during pregnancy, after childbirth, during menstruation, and a decrease is observed with circulatory failure, anaphylactic shock.

6. Glucose

The concentration of glucose in a healthy body should be 3.5-6.5 mmol / liter. Decrease in glucose indicates insufficient and irregular nutrition, hormonal diseases, increase – about diabetes.

7. Total protein

Its norm is 60-80 grams / liter. If the work of the liver, kidneys, and malnutrition worsens, it decreases. This often happens after a hard diet.

8. Total bilirubin

Bilirubin should not show more than 20.5 mmol / liter. He is an indicator of liver function. With hepatitis, cholelithiasis or erythrocyte destruction, bilirubin increases.

9. Creatinine

Creatinine is responsible for your kidneys. Its normal concentration is 0.18 mmol / liter. Excess of the norm is a sign of renal insufficiency, if it does not reach the norm, then it is necessary to increase immunity.

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